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Cebuano Verbs

Conjugation of verbs in Cebuano are basically a matter of adding the right prefixes to the root.

Present Progressive = nag + root
Past (singular) = ni + root
Past (plural) = na + verb in "ng" form
Future (singular) = mo + root
Future (plural) = ma + verb in "ng" form

I don't know about the technical term for this conjugation but for discussion's sake we will call it the "ng" form. The "ng" form of common verbs are based on the following:

verbs beginning with "t", "s" or "d" - change first letter to "n"
verbs beginning with "p" or "b" - change first letter to "m"
verbs beginning with "k" - change first letter to "ng"
all other verbs add "ng" at the beginning.

Example: eat - kaon
present progressive: eating - nagkaon
past (singular): ate - nikaon
past (plural): ate - nangaon
future (singular): will eat - mokaon
future (plural): will eat - mangaon

These rules can be applied to the following verbs:

buy - palit
cry - hilak
drink - inom
give - hatag
laugh - katawa
look - tan-aw
pay - bayad
play - duwä
read - basa
ride - sakay
run - dagan
smile - pahiyom
talk - sulti
think - hunä-hunä
wait - huwat
walk - lakaw
write - suwat

Sample sentences:
I'm reading the newspaper now. - Nagbasa ko sa newspaper karon.
He ran at the marathon yesterday. - Nidagan siya sa marathon gahapon.
We ran at the marathon yesterday - Nanagan mi sa marathon gahapon.
Will you wait for me? - Mohuwat ka nako?
Let's eat. - Mangaon ta.

Some verbs however do not follow these rules or simply are too awkward for this rule to be used on. In some cases certain words can only be used for very specific situations and are conjugated differently.



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